Note 25 Provisions for pensions and similar obligations

AddLife sponsors pension plans in the countries in which it has activities. Pension plans can be defined contribution or defined benefit plans or a combination of both. AddLife has defined benefit pension plans mainly in Sweden. In these plans, a pension is determined mainly by the salary received at the time of retirement. Subsidiaries in other countries in the Group mainly have defined contribution pension plans. 

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Obligations for employee benefits, defined benefit pension plans
Pension liability as per balance sheet 2022-12-31 2021-12-31
Pension liability PRI 56 78
Other pension obligations 4 4
Total defined benefit pension plans 60 82
Obligations for defined benefits and the value of plan assets 2022-12-31 2021-12-31
Funded obligations:    
Present value of funded defined benefit obligations
Fair value of plan assets
Net debt, funded obligations
Present value of unfunded defined benefit obligations 60 82
Net amount in the balance sheet (obligation +, asset –) 60 82
Pension obligations and plan assets by country:    
Pension obligations 56 78
Net amount in Sweden 56 78
Pension obligations 4 3
Net amount in German 4 3
Pension obligations 0 1
Net amount in Austria 0 1
Net amount in the balance sheet (obligation +, asset –) 60 82
Reconciliation of net amount for pensions in the balance sheet 2022-12-31 2021-12-31
Opening balance 82 81
Corporate acquisitions 3
Change in accounting for pensions 0 0
Payment of pension benefits -2 -2
Funds contributed by employer
Translation effects 0
Revaluations -20 0
Gains and losses from settlements 0
Net amount in the balance sheet (obligation +, asset –) 60 82
Changes in the obligation for defined benefit plans recognised in the balance sheet 2022-12-31 2021-12-31
Opening balance 82 81
Corporate acquisitions 3
Pensions earned during the period -1 0
Interest on obligations 1 1
Benefits paid -2 -2
Benefits earned during previous periods, vested
Transferred benefits
Gain (–)/loss (+) resulting from demographic assumptions
Gain (–)/loss (+) resulting from financial assumptions -25 -2
Experienced-based gains (–)/losses (+) 5 1
Translation effects
Gains and losses from settlements
Present value of pension obligations 60 82
Pension costs 2022 2021
Defined benefit plans    
Cost for pensions earned during the year 3 4
Interest on obligations 1 1
Total cost of defined benefit plans 4 5
Total cost of defined contribution plans 80 76
Social security costs on pension costs 10 8
Total cost of benefits after termination of employment 94 89
Allocation of pension costs in the income statement 2022 2021
Cost of goods sold 17 18
Selling and administrative expenses 76 70
Net financial items 1 1
Total pension costs 94 89
  2022 2021
Actuarial assumptions Sweden Sweden
The following material actuarial assumptions were applied in calculating obligations:
Discount rate 1 January, % 1.8 1.0
Discount rate 31 December, % 3.7 1.8
Future salary increases, % 3.0 3.2
Future increases in pensions (change in income base amount), % 2.5 2.7
Employee turnover, % 10.0 10.0
Mortality table DUS 21 DUS 14
  2022 2021
Actuarial assumptions Sweden Sweden
Defined benefit pension obligations at 31 December 2021    
Discount rate increases by 0.5% -4 -7
Discount rate decreases by 0.5% 5 8
Expected life expectancy increases by 1 year 3 4
The total number of commitments included in pension liabilities is distributed as follows:
Comprising 2022-12-31 2021-12-31
Active 13 12
Disability pensioners 0 0
Paid-up policyholders 84 93
Pensioners 87 79
The total number of commitments included in pension liabilities 184 184

Accounting principle

Defined contributrion plans

These plans are mainly retirement pension plans, disability pensions and family pensions. Premiums are paid on an ongoing basis during the year by each company to separate legal entities, such as insurance companies. The size of the premium is based on the salary. The pension cost for the period is included in profit or loss. The Group has no further obligations related to the defined contribution plans. 

Obligations for retirement pensions and family pensions for salaried employees in Sweden are secured by insurance in Alecta. According to statement UFR 10 of the Swedish Financial Reporting Board, this is a defined benefit plan covering multiple employers. In the event that Alecta is unable to provide sufficient information to determine an individual company's share of the total liability and its plan assets, these pension plans are reported as defined contribution. For the 2022 financial year, the Company did not have access to information enabling it to report this plan as a defined benefit plan. Thus the pension plan according to ITP and secured by insurance in Alecta is recognised as a defined-contribution plan. The year's fees for pension insurance with Alecta totalled SEK 11 million (13). The fees for the next financial year are assessed to be in line with this year's fees. The collective consolidation rate for Alecta in December 2022 was 172 percent (172).

Defined benefit plans

AddLife has defined benefit pension plans mainly in Sweden and cover a small number of employees. Under defined benefit pension plans, the company enters into a commitment to provide post-employment benefits based upon one or several parameters for which the outcome is not known at present. In defined benefit pension plans, benefits are paid to current and former employees based on their salary upon retirement and the number of years of service. The Group bears the risk for payment of promised benefits. These pension plans primarily comprise retirement pensions. 

Some funded and unfunded pension plans apply in Sweden. The funded pension obligations are secured by plan assets. When a plan is funded, its assets have been separated into plan assets. These plan assets can only be used for payments of benefits as per the pension agreements. The net value of the estimated present value of the obligations and the fair value of plan assets is recognised in the balance sheet, either as a provision or as a non-current financial receivable. When a surplus in a plan cannot be fully utilised, only the portion of the surplus that the Company can recover through reduced future fees or repayments is recognised. A surplus in one plan can only be used to offset a deficit in another plan if the Company is entitled to utilise a surplus in one plan to settle a deficit in another plan, or if the obligations are intended to be settled on a net basis.

The pension cost and pension obligation for defined benefit pension plans are calculated using the Projected Unit Credit Method. This method distributes the cost of pensions at the rate at which employees perform services for the Company that increase their rights to future benefits. The aim is to expense expected future pension payouts in a manner that provides an even cost over the employee's period of employment. This calculation takes into account anticipated future salary increases and anticipated inflation. The Company's obligation is calculated annually by independent actuaries. The discount rate used is equivalent to the interest rate on high-quality corporate bonds or mortgage-backed bonds with a maturity equivalent to the average maturity of the obligation and currency. For Swedish pension liabilities, the interest rate for Swedish housing bonds is used as a basis. 

Revaluations may arise when establishing the obligation's present value and fair value on plan assets. These may arise either because the actual outcome differs from previously made assumptions (experience-based adjustments), or because assumptions were changed. These revaluations are recognised in the balance sheet and the income statement under other comprehensive income. The present value of the defined benefit obligation is determined by discounting the estimated future cash flows.  

Payroll tax is a part of the actuarial assumption and is therefore reported as part of the net obligation/asset. The portion of payroll tax calculated based on the Pension Obligations Vesting Act (Tryggandelagen) for a legal entity is stated, for reasons of simplicity, as accrued costs instead of as part of the net obligation/asset.

Tax on returns is reported in the income statement for the period the tax refers to and is thus not included in the calculation of debt. For schemes run as funds, tax is levied on returns for plan assets and reported in other comprehensive income. For schemes not run as funds or run partly as funds, tax is included in profit or loss. When the cost of a pension is determined differently in a legal entity than in the Group, a provision or claim for taxes on pension costs is recognised, such as a special employer's contribution for Swedish companies based on this difference. The present value for the provision or claim is not calculated.